The whole point behind mechanizing the farmlands was to reduce the amount of human effort and mettle it takes to indulge in the vocation of farming. While India happens to be a labour-intensive economy and not many farms rely on heavy machinery, there still are many tools and small machines that make it viable to do farming on a commercial scale without losing scale and profitability out to competitors.
Moreover, a better knowledge of tools as to their availability in the market and the different usage opportunities that come with each of them can give farmers an advantage which could translate into increased yields, and as a result, increased incomes as well. Further, farming tools have been around since the inception of civilization and are extremely important as the crops and livestock would not be raised and cultivate properly if the same are absent. Therefore, thinking of agriculture tools as some sort of a modern finding would be complete fallacy, however innovations and inventions in this space have definitely made the same much more sophisticated and useful.
30 Farming Tools for You To Use
When you go out to purchase a tractor for your farm, you should definitely consider getting a tractor that has enough horsepower or HP. Generally speaking, a small tractor which is suitable for a small to medium sized farm should lie somewhere between 45 HP and 75 HP.
A rake is a small farm tool which is made up of a pole like handle and has a toothed crossbar or tines at the other end. It is used for manual ploughing, drawing, cutting grass or even levelling out loose soil.
Two-wheel tractor or walking tractors are the generic names of a motocultor and represent a single-axle tractor, which is basically a single axle tractor that is manually or self-powered and self-propelled, in which case it can pull and power various farm implements and machinery as an attachment to it.
Shovel is a tool that is shaped like a spade. It has a sharp broad blade made of metal and has upturned sides for facilitating a cupping effect for whatever is to be dug and transferred, usually land or soil. It is also used for moving coal or generally in mining.
An escardilla is a tool which is used to cut through grass or pull it out of the ground. It is often used for weeding or generally as an assisting tool for ploughing or ploughing any small patches of land.
A machete is a sword like, rather a broad big knife-like tool which has multiple uses on the farmland. It is pretty much an all-in-one tool for small scale farmers who wish to invest into only a few tools which serve them in multiple ways.
You must have seen small carts used in mining or farming or even foraging. These small carts are called wheelbarrows and can be used for moving soil, coal, feed, manure or any other such thing from one part of the land to another with ease.
A peak is from the hammer family having sharp ends of the gavel as the main operational parts of the tool and can pretty much be used for digging or seeding purposes in small patches of land or pots.
A plow or a plough can range from a hand plough which is entirely manual in nature and is used for ploughing land. On a larger scale, the same can be attached to a farm truck or a farm plough can separately be purchased.
Both drip and sprinkler styles of irrigation are extremely effective to manage the right amount of water into the crops. Sprinkler systems are particularly useful in fertilizer dispersal alongside water and can either be manual or automatic/ artificially controlled.
A harrow is a farm implement which has a heavy frame having teeth, blades or tines attached to it in order to break up the clogged mud on ploughed land and make it ready for seeding or for covering the seeds if they’ve already been dispersed. It can also be used for weeding.
- Seeder & Fertilizer
As the name suggests, this is again a relatively heavy farm machinery which is used for either dispersing seed into the ploughed ground or for sprinkling fertilizer across the length and breadth of the farm.
- Farm wagon
A Farm Wagon is a useful equipment for your nursery or even for your farm chores or greenhouse. It is particularly useful to transport plants around your farm or even to pull around the greenhouse to pick out flowers and vegetable or anything else that’s growing and needs to be harvested.
Balers are farm implements that are used for recycling. They’re often used to recycle whatever is not needed on the farm anymore and the baler chamber recycles these into hay or animal feed by breaking it down, thereby serving a dual purpose – hay making and cleaning up the farm of what’s not needed any more.
Drones are a relatively recent innovation in the world of farming and are largely operated remotely using a device like a cell phone or a remote control. They are useful for largescale seed dispersion or fertilizer sprinkling.
- Farm Trucks
A farm truck is a special kind of truck that is designed and designated for agricultural use, and it can range from something as small and basic as a small pick-up truck or something as sophisticated or complex as class 8 eighteen-wheeler truck, serving a range of purposes.
A planter is a special farm equipment that us attached to the back of a farm truck or tractor. It is used on farms with grain farming underway or anywhere there’s precise need of sowing seeds in proper rows and columns so as to create crops that have even spaces between them and seeds are at metered gaps.
- Hay Rake
An agricultural rake that is used to collect hay that has been cut out or to collect straws. It is also used to aerate and fluff the hay so collected so as to expedite its drying process for it to be used however it needs to be used.
- Hand Sickle
A C shaped tool, probably one of the most ancient ones to exist in the present day, a hand sickle is a harvesting tool which is used to cut out the mature crops. The C shaped blade is usually attached to a wooden handle to facilitate easy handling.
- Land Imprinter
A land imprinter is a non-tilling equipment that is used for creating grass cover in deserts or arid areas. It largely is made of a metal roller and steel angles and is available in different sizes, shapes and configurations, adaptable to different types and sizes of lands.
A spade is a tool primarily for digging, comprising a blade – typically stunted and less curved than that of a shovel – and a long handle. Early spades were made of riven wood or of animal bones. After the art of metalworking was developed, spades were made with sharper tips of metal.
An axe, just like a hand sickle, is one of the ancient farm equipment that is used to split, shape and predominantly cut wood or harvest wood. It also has many other specialized and symbolic uses ans it has a ceremonial value in some cultures as well.
A pickaxe has a T-shaped blade and is a hand-tool which is used for prying. It has got a metal head and a wooden neck and body. Often, this handle is made of fibre as well but it still remains a multipurpose hand tool that can be used on a farm.
A hoe is another ancient and multifunctional agricultural hand tool which is used to shape soil, oust weeds, and harvest root crops like potatoes.
- Brush Cutter
A brushcutter is an electricity-powered agricultural equipment that is used to trim weeds and other foliage which may not otherwise be in the range of a mower. It has a range of blades that can be attached to it and hence its usage can be diversified. At the minimum, it consists of a power unit that it held close to the main body.
- Water Pump Machine
Water pumps are used for moving water and they have a pivotal role in agriculture as they help in irrigation, by getting water from source to farm. They can be used with drips, sprinklers, hose or other methods of irrigation as the need be.
A tiller, also known as cultivator is used for tilling the land. It has huge metal frames with teeth that drag along the land of the farm to pierce it and form crevices in the soil.
A sprayer is essentially any equipment, manual or electricity fuelled that is used to spray fertilizers, medicines or any other such thing onto the farm land or crops that are growing.
- Fogging Machine
Fogging machines are widely used in order to emit fine droplets throughout the length and breadth of the farms in order to promote a disease-free environment, even in areas of thick shrubs and dense foliage.
- Portable Petrol Generator
A portable petrol generator is especially useful in farms that rely on electricity and receive sporadic or unpredictable supply of the same. It comes in different sizes and capacities, measurable in watts. For perspective’s sake, an 800 watt gasoline generator lasts about three hours on a litre of fuel.
We hope this list helps you! Do drop in a text in the comments section below to let us know your thoughts. Cheers!