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Investment in dairy farming depends on the number of adult cows we would like to have on-farm. A rough calculation is around Rs. 1,00,000 to 2,00,000 per adult cow is required to set up a dairy farm. This includes cow cost, equipment cost, and infrastructure cost. This is excluding land costs.
Dairy farming is a land-intensive business that requires around 600 to 800 sq.ft. of land per adult cow. This includes space require for housing, feed storage, roads, milk room, and office.
Ideally it is suggested to start a dairy farm with 3-5 cows & then expand from their based on your revenue & business model
Given the slightly higher investment required & other variables of the region like labor costs, distance from market, mode of transportation & competition, profit margins for dairy farming vary are from 14% to 37%. This includes the cost of setup & front-end management.
Subsidies available for small-scale dairy farming is around 25% to 33%. You can learn more about the same from this link.
In terms of licensing – FSSAI Registration is a basic license required for all small-scale dairy farmers having 500 liters of milk per day.
Clean unadulterated liquid milk, Homemade ghee, Paneer, A2 liquid milk, vermicompost, Jeevamrut, PROAM etc are various commercial products that can be generated from dairy farms opening up more sources of revenues for farmers.
Cattle dairy farming,
Milk processing and milk product manufacturing,
Organic manure production etc are various agri-business a dairy farmer can venture into while maintaining a diversified source of income.
Dairy farming has been a part of Indian culture since ancient times. Earlier it was considered a family business and passed down from generation to generation. What’s commendable is that since the ‘White Revolution’ in the 1970s, dairy farming, from being a traditional family-run business has become an organized industry with technological specializations in every part of the process. This transformation has made the Indian dairy industry a world leader.
Cows farms and buffalo farms are the foundation of the dairy industry. Breeds of buffaloes like Jaffarbadi, Mehsani, and Murrah are the high breeding ones while Red Sindhi, Gir, Rathi, and Sahiwal are the top milk breeders from India. Dairy farming is a lucrative business choice nowadays. It is an eco-friendly business, and it can be commenced in all seasons. It is deemed a thousand times better option as compared to a job. To read more about Dairy Farming, click here
COMMERCIAL DAIRY FARMING PREREQUISITES
Commercial dairy farming is very different from traditional farming as it has a lot of technical requirements and challenges. Here are some of the basic prerequisites to start your own commercial dairy farm:
1) Selecting a good cow– Choosing healthy cattle for a dairy farm is one of the first requirements for a successful dairy farming business. The animals must be healthy, with good weight and build. While purchasing cattle the eyes, nose, udders, mobility, coat and other features must be carefully observed. Moreover, it is important to study the market that one wishes to serve such as the geography, Incomes and the household types (Nuclear or Joint) in order to analyze what type of milk will sell the best.
Whether one wishes to launch a Cow Dairy Farm or a Buffalo Dairy Farm will depend on the fat consumption and requirement of the market. To learn more about the nuances that come with selecting good cattle, you can take our dairy farming course. We make sincere efforts to educate those farmers and empower them with a checklist that, if followed, will ensure that they select a healthy and high-quality animal with greater success.
2) Proper housing for the animals– Milk producing animals’ sheds should be provided with an ample amount of space so that they can move freely. The shed should be well ventilated and the floors should be non-slippery. The shed should be away from the roadside at least 900 sq. mt away and not to be positioned at lower lying areas as during heavy rains water will fill up those areas first. Generally, 40-80-sq. ft open space is required per animal.
3) Food and water provision– Providing the cattle with clean drinking water is of utmost importance as no animal requires clean drinking water as much as milk-producing animals require. To produce 1 liter of fresh milk cattle requires 5 liters of clean and fresh water.
The cattle should be fed with about 15-20 Kg of green fodder and 6 Kg of dry fodder per day. Usually, people consider buying fodder in the peak seasons of Raksha Bandhan to Baisakhi as the weather in those months favors the growth of green grasses. Hence, enough green fodder is available and surplus food is preserved as hay. It is necessary to strike a balance between the various nutrient requirements for optimal milk production.
4) Vaccination and cattle farming- There are some highly fatal diseases like foot and mouth diseases, black quarter, hemorrhagic septicemia, rabies, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, theileriosis, and anthrax that are endemic in nature. These cause heavy losses to the dairy business. Fortunately, they can be controlled by vaccination. Consult a veterinarian to learn the lowdown of the vaccination schedule. Looking after and maintaining good animal health is the gateway to successful dairy farming in India.
There are many people who want to get into small-scale or large-scale dairy farming. business. However, due to lack of knowledge and initial investment involved they are unable to set up a dairy unit. Through the dairy production and management course available on Rocket Skills, a user is made aware of the ins and outs of dairy business management.
With the help of the dairy farm training courses taught by experts and professionals, the user can learn where and how to dedicate the effort and time on the farm to make the business more profitable.